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What is Vitiligo?

Vitiligo is a chronic skin disorder that affects people worldwide. This condition is characterized by the loss of melanocytes, the pigment-producing cells in the skin, resulting in the formation of white patches or depigmentation. While the exact cause of vitiligo remains unclear, it is widely believed to involve an autoimmune response, where the body’s immune system mistakenly attacks and destroys its own melanocytes.

Vitiligo, while primarily a dermatological condition, affects individuals on multiple levels, including physical, emotional, and social aspects. Understanding the different types of vitiligo and its impact on skin health is crucial for both patients and healthcare providers. With appropriate medical care, emotional support, and awareness, individuals with vitiligo can effectively manage the condition and lead fulfilling lives.

Understanding vitiligo, its diverse presentations, and its impact on individuals is crucial in fostering awareness, empathy, and supportive communities for those affected by this condition. With ongoing research and holistic support, individuals with vitiligo can effectively manage the challenges associated with their skin disorder.

Types of Vitiligo

Experience Natural Healing at Ayusanjivani : Personalized Ayurvedic Solutions for Vitiligo
Non-segmental Vitiligo (NSV)

This common form of vitiligo involves symmetrical depigmentation on both sides of the body. It often affects the face, hands, elbows, knees, and other visible areas.

Segmental Vitiligo

Segmental vitiligo manifests as depigmented patches on only one side or part of the body. It typically appears at a younger age and progresses for a limited period before stabilizing.

Mucosal Vitiligo

Mucosal vitiligo affects mucous membranes, leading to depigmentation in areas like the lips, inside the mouth, and genital regions.

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Ayurvedic treatment provides a comprehensive and natural approach to Vitiligo Treatment. To book an appointment with our experienced Ayurvedic practitioners at Ayusanjivani Ayurveda Clinic in Kharadi, Pune.

Causes of Vitiligo

One prevailing theory suggests that vitiligo may result from an autoimmune response, where the body’s immune system mistakenly attacks and destroys melanocytes—the cells responsible for producing pigment in the skin.

A family history of vitiligo can increase the risk of developing the condition. Genetic factors may play a role in making certain individuals more susceptible to vitiligo.

Environmental factors, such as exposure to certain chemicals, trauma, or sunburn, may trigger or exacerbate vitiligo in genetically predisposed individuals.


Oxidative stress, which occurs when there is an imbalance between free radicals and antioxidants in the body, might contribute to the destruction of melanocytes.

Nerve endings in the skin release substances that could be toxic to melanocytes, contributing to their destruction.

Common Symptoms of Vitiligo

The most noticeable symptom of vitiligo is the presence of white or depigmented patches on the skin. These patches may vary in size and shape and can occur on any part of the body.

Vitiligo often presents in a symmetrical manner, meaning that depigmented areas appear on both sides of the body, mirroring each other.

Over time, vitiligo can lead to a gradual and progressive loss of pigment, resulting in the enlargement of existing patches and the development of new ones.

In some cases, vitiligo may affect mucous membranes, leading to depigmentation of the lips, mouth, and genital areas.

People with vitiligo may experience the premature graying of hair on the scalp, eyebrows, eyelashes, or other body hair.

Ayurvedic Treatments for Vitiligo

Experience Natural Healing at Ayusanjivani : Personalized Ayurvedic Solutions for Vitiligo

In Ayurveda, the treatment of Vitiligo typically involves a combination of therapies to address the underlying imbalances in the body. Some common procedures used in Ayurvedic Vitiligo is a skin disorder that affects individuals treatment include:

1.Panchakarma Therapy (पंचकर्म चिकित्सा): Panchakarma is a comprehensive detoxification therapy in Ayurveda. It includes five therapeutic procedures: Vamana (therapeutic vomiting), and Raktamokshana (bloodletting). 

2.Bakuchi (Psoralea corylifolia) Therapy (बाकुचि चिकित्सा): Bakuchi, also known as Psoralea corylifolia, is an herb used in Ayurveda for its pigment-inducing properties. The seeds of Bakuchi are ground into a paste, mixed with oil, and applied topically on depigmented patches. Exposing the skin to sunlight (phototherapy) after applying Bakuchi oil enhances its effectiveness.

3.Swedana (स्वेदन चिकित्सा):Swedana is an herbal steam therapy used in Ayurveda. It involves sitting in a steam chamber infused with medicinal herbs. Swedana helps in opening the pores, improving circulation, and aiding the absorption of herbal medicines. Swedana therapy helps in detoxification, relaxation, and enhancing the efficacy of other Ayurvedic treatments. It’s often used as a preparatory procedure for Panchakarma therapies.

4.Gandhaka Rasayana (गंधक रसायन): Gandhaka Rasayana is an Ayurvedic formulation prepared with sulfur (gandhaka) and other herbs. It is known for its detoxifying properties and is used to purify the blood and enhance skin health. Gandhaka Rasayana is believed to improve skin conditions, including vitiligo, by cleansing the blood and supporting the body’s natural healing processes.

5.Vyadhi Hara Ksheera (व्याधि हर क्षीर): Vyadhi Hara Ksheera, also known as medicated milk, is prepared by boiling milk with specific herbs like Bakuchi, Vidanga (Embelia ribes), and Khadira (Acacia catechu). This preparation is traditionally used in Ayurveda for various skin disorders. Regular consumption of Vyadhi Hara Ksheera is believed to improve skin health, reduce inflammation, and promote the natural healing of skin conditions, including vitiligo.



Ayurvedic treatments can be customized for various skin types, but it’s essential to consult an Ayurvedic practitioner for personalized recommendations.

The timeline varies depending on the individual and the severity of vitiligo. Some may see results within a few months, while others may take longer.

Ayurvedic practitioners may recommend dietary modifications based on your dosha and the underlying cause of vitiligo.

Ayurvedic treatments can be adapted for mucosal vitiligo, but consultation with a practitioner is recommended.

It’s essential to inform your healthcare providers about all treatments you’re undergoing for coordinated care.

Stress can potentially exacerbate vitiligo. Ayurvedic practices like meditation and yoga may help manage stress.

Ayurvedic treatments can be adapted for children, but consultation with a practitioner is recommended.

Ayurvedic treatments are generally safe when administered by qualified practitioners and usually have minimal to no side effects.

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